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Reading

Help! My child does not enjoy reading.
 

If you think your child is having problems with their reading, the first step is always to speak to their teacher and share your concerns. Children learn at different rates, so try not to worry or let your child get anxious – that could just make it harder for them to get better.

  • Make sure your child isn’t tired, hungry or desperate to watch their favourite TV show when you read to them. Sit with them for a short time every day and read a book about something they’re interested in, whether that’s cars, animals or sports. Don’t expect them to read it themselves, but try to show them how interesting reading can be so that they start wanting to.
  • Lots of children, especially boys as they get older, would rather read non-fiction books than fiction, so it could be as simple as changing the type of books that you read together. Talk to their teacher or a librarian to see what books might match your child’s interests.
  • Give them lots of praise. Let your child know how pleased you are when they look at a book and show that you’re interested in what it’s about. It’s important to remember that children all develop at their own pace when it comes to reading.

My son just isn’t interested in reading – what can I do?

Research shows that boys are less likely to enjoy reading than girls. More boys than girls struggle with reading and writing at school, and boys are more likely to say they don’t spend any time reading outside the classroom. But there are ways you can help:

  • Make sure that you’re reading something with your son which interests him. Many boys like non-fiction books, so try asking at your local library for recommendations – he might enjoy reading Horrible Histories or the Guinness Book of Records more than fiction.
  • Role models are important too. It helps if boys see their dads, uncles or granddads reading, even if it’s a newspaper, so that it seems familiar and they can copy their reading behaviour.
  • Always praise your son when he reads something well. Equally, if he reads something incorrectly, don’t make him feel bad – mistakes are all part of the learning process.

Ten Top Tips:

1. Encourage your child to read

Reading helps your child’s wellbeing, develops imagination and has educational benefits too. Just a few minutes a day can have a big impact on children of all ages.

2. Read aloud regularly

Try to read to your child every day. It’s a special time to snuggle up and enjoy a story. Stories matter and children love re-reading them and poring over the pictures. Try adding funny voices to bring characters to life.

3. Encourage reading choice

Give children lots of opportunities to read different things in their own time - it doesn’t just have to be books. There’s fiction, non-fiction, poetry, comics, magazines, recipes and much more. Try leaving interesting reading material in different places around the home and see who picks it up.

4. Read together

Choose a favourite time to read together as a family and enjoy it. This might be everyone reading the same book together, reading different things at the same time, or getting your children to read to each other. This time spent reading together can be relaxing for all.

5. Create a comfortable environment

Make a calm, comfortable place for your family to relax and read independently - or together.

6. Talk about books

This is a great way to make connections, develop understanding and make reading even more enjoyable. Start by discussing the front cover and talking about what it reveals and suggests the book could be about. Then talk about what you’ve been reading and share ideas. You could discuss something that happened that surprised you, or something new that you found out. You could talk about how the book makes you feel and whether it reminds you of anything.

7. Bring reading to life

You could try cooking a recipe you’ve read together. Would you recommend it to a friend? Alternatively, play a game where you pretend to be the characters in a book, or discuss an interesting article you’ve read.

8. Make reading active

Play games that involve making connections between pictures, objects and words, such as reading about an object and finding similar things in your home. You could organise treasure hunts related to what you’re reading. Try creating your child’s very own book by using photos from your day and adding captions.

9. Engage your child in reading in a way that suits them

You know your child best and you’ll know the best times for your child to read. If they have special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) then short, creative activities may be the way to get them most interested. If English is an additional language, encourage reading in a child’s first language, as well as in English. What matters most is that they enjoy it.

10. Check out these useful websites too...

These websites are crammed with useful support. 

A good website with a broad range of games.

 

A great support with lots of e-books and advice too.

 

This is a useful website to help you choose books for your children with free extracts to download.

 The Book Trust has hundreds of recommendations and supportive articles too. 

 

My child is sounding out every word, how can I help?
 

If you think your child is having problems with their reading, the first step is always to speak to their teacher and share your concerns. Children learn at different rates, so try not to worry or let your child get anxious – that could just make it harder for them to get better.

  • Remind the child to memorise words which occur frequently, say e.g. You saw this word on the last page. What was it? Read it all smoothly. Let’s put this together. Can you read this quickly? Can you remember this word for tomorrow?
  • Read a line of text and ask the child to repeat - model fluent and expressive reading.

My child is guessing lots of words, how can I help? 

If you think your child is having problems with their reading, the first step is always to speak to their teacher and share your concerns. Children learn at different rates, so try not to worry or let your child get anxious – that could just make it harder for them to get better.

  • Explain that it's ok to guess words when talking about the story from pictures/predicting the ending etc., but during reading the child needs to read every word carefully.
  • Ask the following questions to guide the child to self-correcting: Did you check the first letter? Did it match? You made a mistake in this line. Can you find it? You said... . Did it make sense? How did you know it said…?

My child is struggling to blend the sounds into words, how can I help? 

If you think your child is having problems with their reading, the first step is always to speak to their teacher and share your concerns. Children learn at different rates, so try not to worry or let your child get anxious – that could just make it harder for them to get better.

  • Ask the child to sound out the same word repeatedly and quickly so they can hear it for themselves. Alternatively, sound out for the child and have them say the word.
  • Look for digraphs in words, e.g. "sh-i-p", "K-i-pp-er", "ch-i-n".
  • Ask the following questions: Can you hear this sound? (exaggerate/stretch the sound) Can you hear the last part of ‘looking?’ Does that sound right to you? What sound does it make? What is its name?

I want to help my child to read, how do I do it? 

Pearson have created an excellent document to answer this very question. Click on the link to open the document. 

Teaching Reading at John Keble 

Beginning to Read

In EYFS and KS1 children begin their reading journey by learning phonics. At John Keble we use the Letters and Sounds programme which is well established.  More information about how we teach phonics can be found by clicking on the icon. 


Early Reading

All children in school are provided with a class reading book to take home which is appropriate to their current reading age. Their reading age is established by the teacher using a system of assessment known as PM Benchmarking. This involves:

  • listening closely to a child read, carefully checking each word they can and cannot recognise,
  • observing how the children use the punctuation cues to pause and add expression,
  • recording the number of words per minute speed the child is reading at. 
  • establishing how much of the book they have understood by asking a series of verbal comprehension questions. As the child progresses these will also reflect upon how much the child is able to infer (read between the lines) and predict.

Children are assessed regularly using this system in conjunction with their daily class work to ensure the children are taking home a reading book at an appropriate level. To ensure we cover a wide range of interests we make use of several publishers' reading libraries including Oxford Reading Tree and PM Benchmarking.

The children are also invited to select another reading book of their own choice from the classroom reading corner to help foster a love of reading.

Oxford Owl provide a huge selection of free e-books and activities to read via their website. Simply sign up (it's free) to view.

Developing Reading

As the children move into Key Stage 2 and have passed their Phonics Screening Check, we use a programme called Destination Reader. Destination Reader is a new approach to teaching reading. It involves daily sessions in which the teacher models reading, comprehending and interpreting texts to the whole class before the children apply these skills working with a partner.

Destination Reader focuses on these key principles which we embed within the school:

  • Promote enjoyment of reading
  • Increase reading mileage
  • Build reading skills
  • Develop thinking and understanding
  • Make talk central

Destination Reader allows children to access real books of a high quality that are engaging and exciting. Teachers are encouraged to use these books when teaching writing. As talk is made central, partner reading is continued and children are given ample opportunity to discuss books with their partners. Children are taught to use sentence starters when talking and writing about books to support them to explain their ideas.

The programme covers seven key skills:

 Predicting 

The children use the cover and blurb of the book to help decide what they story may be about, it's genre, and whether or not they think they will enjoy it. Children will also look at specific plot points and words that the characters say, or other phrases that may provide clues as to a character's future intentions. They will draw on what they know from the story so far or the common features of particular genres (such as fairy tales) to predict the problems that a hero may encounter or how a story may end.

 Making connections 

Children will look at books from the same author or genre and learn about common features or characteristics (how the names of Roald Dahl's characters often give a clue as to their nature for example). Children may look at how different authors develop a similar plot and talk about the differences and similarities between them or how stories within the same genre may differ or share similar features. Within the same text they may look closely at how events at the beginning link to events at the end.

 Asking questions 

Children learn to ask relevant questions about the texts they are reading. They refer to the language used by the authors, or specific plot points to stimulate conversations with the rest of the class. Children learn to recognise how problems for characters are developing and also learn to develop different types of comprehension questions that they can practise on their partners.  

 Evaluating 

Children learn to evaluate the quality of the stories they are reading, offering reasons for their opinions. They learn to judge the author's effectiveness in developing suspense or humour. They learn the importance of the author's language choices, and develop a greater understanding of the nuances between different vocabulary choices. Children begin to use the technical language associated with fiction and poetry writing and can explain when, how and why an author may choose to use particularly literary devices (for example onomatopoeia, alliteration or rhyme). 

  Inferring 

Children learn to "read between the lines" and spot the clues that an author may place in the text. The children develop a greater understanding of characters' emotions and motivations and can offer opinions and suggestions that they justify by referring to specific passages of the text.

  Summarising 

Children learn to retell the stories that they have read, succinctly and with reference to the key points. They can accurately re-arrange the events of a story into the correct order and with an expanding vocabulary, mimic the author's own use of rhetoric or decide to summarise in their own words.

  Clarifying 

As well as learning to use paper and electronic dictionaries and thesauruses, children learn to identify clues in the preceding and following sentences to help establish the probable meanings of words, so as not to break the flow of their own reading. They learn to recognise word stems, suffixes and prefixes to help recognise words that are related and build up a wider bank of vocabulary that they can draw upon to help them clarify the meaning of the words in a text.

Although we often link the texts between the two lessons, Reading lessons are taught in addition to our English lessons at John Keble. We understand that to foster a love of reading, the children need to be given as much opportunity to read as possible. it is the first activity of the day for every child at the school. 

Children are assessed continuously in the classroom by the class teachers and adults (not just at the end of an academic term). In KS2 the children continue to use the PM Benchmarking process as outlined above, as well as weekly "Big Picture" check-ins that give the children the opportunity to answer questions on age-appropriate texts linked to the seven skills above. Working this way means that the teacher is continuously aware of a child's reading progress and children can more accurately demonstrate what they can do, without the anxiety that can be caused by termly assessments. 


When you’re able to visit your local library to explore all sorts of reading ideas. Local libraries offer brilliant online materials, including audiobooks and ebooks to borrow.  Libraries Connected is also a brilliant digital service that families can make use of.


Ten Top Tips:

1. Encourage your child to read

Reading helps your child’s wellbeing, develops imagination and has educational benefits too. Just a few minutes a day can have a big impact on children of all ages.

2. Read aloud regularly

Try to read to your child every day. It’s a special time to snuggle up and enjoy a story. Stories matter and children love re-reading them and poring over the pictures. Try adding funny voices to bring characters to life.

3. Encourage reading choice

Give children lots of opportunities to read different things in their own time - it doesn’t just have to be books. There’s fiction, non-fiction, poetry, comics, magazines, recipes and much more. Try leaving interesting reading material in different places around the home and see who picks it up.

4. Read together

Choose a favourite time to read together as a family and enjoy it. This might be everyone reading the same book together, reading different things at the same time, or getting your children to read to each other. This time spent reading together can be relaxing for all.

5. Create a comfortable environment

Make a calm, comfortable place for your family to relax and read independently - or together.

6. Talk about books

This is a great way to make connections, develop understanding and make reading even more enjoyable. Start by discussing the front cover and talking about what it reveals and suggests the book could be about. Then talk about what you’ve been reading and share ideas. You could discuss something that happened that surprised you, or something new that you found out. You could talk about how the book makes you feel and whether it reminds you of anything.

7. Bring reading to life

You could try cooking a recipe you’ve read together. Would you recommend it to a friend? Alternatively, play a game where you pretend to be the characters in a book, or discuss an interesting article you’ve read.

8. Make reading active

Play games that involve making connections between pictures, objects and words, such as reading about an object and finding similar things in your home. You could organise treasure hunts related to what you’re reading. Try creating your child’s very own book by using photos from your day and adding captions.

9. Engage your child in reading in a way that suits them

You know your child best and you’ll know the best times for your child to read. If they have special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) then short, creative activities may be the way to get them most interested. If English is an additional language, encourage reading in a child’s first language, as well as in English. What matters most is that they enjoy it.

10. Check out these useful websites too...

These websites are crammed with useful support. 

A good website with a broad range of games.

 

A great support with lots of e-books and advice too.

 

This is a useful website to help you choose books for your children. They even have free extracts to download that give you the opening pages of several books.  

 The Book Trust has hundreds of recommendations and supportive articles too.